Pictorial supplement to The Fifth Kingdom - Chapter 5e
Subphylum Basidiomycotina - part 5Class Holobasidiomycetes
Orders: Sclerodermatales, Melanogastrales, Tulostomatales,
Lycoperdales, Nidulariales, Phallales
Sclerodermatales - Scleroderma aurantiacum, an 'earth ball' Note the thick peridium, lack of an ostiole, and blue-black gleba.
Sclerodermatales - basidioma of Pisolithus tinctorius cut open to reveal locules in gleba.
Sclerodermatales - Pisolithus tinctorius, an important ectomycorrhizal fungus.
Sclerodermatales - Sphaerobolus stellatus, with gleba ready to be shot away.
Melanogastrales - Melanogaster, a basidioma (from my garden) bisected to reveal locules of dark spores.
Tulostomatales - tough, stalked basidiomata of Tulostoma found growing in sand dunes.
Tulostomatales - Calostoma rodwayi, with a gelatinous stipe and vividly coloured, branched ostiole. This is a New Zealand species, but similar taxa occur in North America.
Lycoperdales - Lycoperdon perlatum, a very common puffball.
Lycoperdales - a large specimen of Langermannia (Calvatia) gigantea, the giant puffball, found near Kitchener, Ontario..
Lycoperdales - two earth stars, species of Geaster found in Algonquin Park, Ontario
Nidulariales - the bird's nest fungi
Nidulariales - vertical section of Cyathus, showing the deep funnel-shaped splash-cup, and the peridioles.
Phallales - egg and fully expanded basidioma of Mutinus caninus, the dog stinkhorn
Phallales - fully expanded basidioma of Phallus. Note the basal peridium (egg-shell), spongy stipe and apical receptacle bearing the slimy, odoriferous gleba.
Phallales - Phallus impudicus with an appreciative clientele of flies.
Phallales - rather outré cartoon of Phallus impudicus as a flasher, from a French book, 'Le Gratin des Champignons,' by Sabatier and Becker.
Phallales - basidiomata of Dictyophora. The distinctive skirt may be a waiting room for overflow crowds of hungry visiting insects.
Phallales - bisected egg of Anthurus - see also next picture.
Phallales - expanded basidioma of Anthurus. Note that the gleba is on the inside of the arms, and that the arms are coloured like meat. Compare with the previous picture
Phallales - expanded lattice-work basidioma of Clathrus, with gleba on the inside.
Phallales - eggs and expanded flower-like, meat-coloured receptacles of Aseroë from New Zealand
Phallales - hypogeous basidomata of Hysterangium.
A sample of gasteromycete stamps (from M.O. Moss 1998
The Mycologist 12: 104-106)
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