fungi mushrooms mycology the fifth kingdom

Pictorial supplement to The Fifth Kingdom - Chapter 5e

Subphylum Basidiomycotina - part 5

Class Holobasidiomycetes

Orders: Sclerodermatales, Melanogastrales, Tulostomatales,
Lycoperdales, Nidulariales, Phallales

(22 illustrations)

sclerod1.jpg (3620 bytes)
 Sclerodermatales - Scleroderma aurantiacum, an 'earth ball'     Note the thick peridium, lack of an ostiole, and blue-black gleba.
   X 2/3

sclerod2.jpg (7844 bytes)
 Sclerodermatales - basidioma of Pisolithus tinctorius cut open to reveal locules in gleba. 
   X 1

sclerod3.jpg (4755 bytes)
Sclerodermatales - Pisolithus tinctorius, an important ectomycorrhizal fungus.  
   X 1/2

sclerod4.jpg (5302 bytes)
Sclerodermatales - Sphaerobolus stellatus, with gleba ready to be shot away.
   X 18


5 Melanogaster bisected.jpg (63761 bytes)
Melanogastrales - Melanogaster, a basidioma (from my garden) bisected to reveal locules of dark spores.
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tulost1.jpg (4194 bytes)
Tulostomatales - tough, stalked basidiomata of Tulostoma found growing in sand dunes.  
   X 1

tulost2.jpg (4582 bytes)
Tulostomatales - Calostoma rodwayi, with a gelatinous stipe and vividly coloured, branched ostiole. This is a New Zealand species, but similar taxa occur in North America. 
   X 1


lycop1.jpg (4902 bytes)
Lycoperdales - Lycoperdon perlatum, a very common puffball.
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lycop2.jpg (4269 bytes)
Lycoperdales - a large specimen of Langermannia (Calvatia) gigantea, the giant puffball, found near Kitchener, Ontario..

lycop3.jpg (4056 bytes)
 Lycoperdales - two earth stars, species of Geaster found in Algonquin Park, Ontario       
   X 2/3                                                                


nidul1.jpg (5439 bytes)
Nidulariales - the bird's nest fungi  
   X 5

nidul2.jpg (4983 bytes)
Nidulariales - vertical section of Cyathus, showing the deep funnel-shaped splash-cup, and the peridioles.
   X 5


phall1.jpg (4728 bytes)
Phallales - egg and fully expanded basidioma of Mutinus caninus, the dog stinkhorn   
   X 3/5

phall2.jpg (4262 bytes)
Phallales - fully expanded basidioma of Phallus.  Note the basal peridium (egg-shell), spongy stipe and apical receptacle bearing the slimy, odoriferous gleba.  
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phall3.jpg (5525 bytes)
Phallales - Phallus impudicus with an appreciative clientele of flies.
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Phallus impudicus cartoon.jpg (12379 bytes)
Phallales - rather outré cartoon of Phallus impudicus as a flasher, from a French book, 'Le Gratin des Champignons,' by Sabatier and Becker.

phall5.jpg (5528 bytes)
Phallales - basidiomata of Dictyophora.  The distinctive skirt may be a waiting room for overflow crowds of hungry visiting insects.
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phall6.jpg (3241 bytes)
Phallales - bisected egg of Anthurus - see also next picture.
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phall7.jpg (4858 bytes)
Phallales - expanded basidioma of Anthurus.  Note that the gleba is on the inside of the arms, and that the arms are coloured like meat. Compare with the previous picture 
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phall8.jpg (8259 bytes)
Phallales - expanded lattice-work basidioma of Clathrus, with gleba on the inside.
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phall9.jpg (7918 bytes)
Phallales - eggs and expanded flower-like, meat-coloured receptacles of Aseroë from New Zealand  
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phall10.jpg (3778 bytes)
Phallales - hypogeous basidomata of Hysterangium.
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gastero stamps.jpg (33939 bytes)
A sample of gasteromycete stamps (from M.O. Moss 1998
The Mycologist 12: 104-106)

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