Pictorial supplement to The Fifth Kingdom - Chapter 5e

Subphylum Basidiomycotina - part 5

Class Holobasidiomycetes

Orders: Sclerodermatales, Melanogastrales, Tulostomatales,
Lycoperdales, Nidulariales, Phallales
(Gasteromycetae)
 
(22 illustrations)
(the CD-ROM has full text and 30 illustrations)

sclerod1.jpg (3620 bytes)  

Sclerodermatales - Scleroderma aurantiacum, an 'earth ball'     Note the thick peridium, lack of an ostiole, and blue-black gleba.
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sclerod2.jpg (7844 bytes)  

Sclerodermatales - basidioma of Pisolithus tinctorius cut open to reveal locules in gleba. 
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sclerod3.jpg (4755 bytes) Sclerodermatales - Pisolithus tinctorius, an important ectomycorrhizal fungus.  
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sclerod4.jpg (5302 bytes) Sclerodermatales - Sphaerobolus stellatus, with gleba ready to be shot away.   
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                                                           Melanogastrales
5 Melanogaster bisected.jpg (63761 bytes) Melanogastrales - Melanogaster, a basidioma (from my garden) bisected to reveal locules of dark spores.
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                                                         Tulostomatales
tulost1.jpg (4194 bytes) Tulostomatales - tough, stalked basidiomata of Tulostoma found growing in sand dunes.  
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tulost2.jpg (4582 bytes) Tulostomatales - Calostoma rodwayi, with a gelatinous stipe and vividly coloured, branched ostiole.  This is a New Zealand species, but similar taxa occur in North America. 
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        Lycoperdales

lycop1.jpg (4902 bytes) Lycoperdales - Lycoperdon perlatum, a very common puffball.  
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lycop2.jpg (4269 bytes) Lycoperdales - a large specimen of Langermannia (Calvatia) gigantea, the giant puffball, found near Kitchener, Ontario..
lycop3.jpg (4056 bytes)  

Lycoperdales - two earth stars, species of Geaster found in Algonquin Park, Ontario       
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                                                              Nidulariales
nidul1.jpg (5439 bytes) Nidulariales - the bird's nest fungi  
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nidul2.jpg (4983 bytes) Nidulariales - vertical section of Cyathus, showing the deep funnel-shaped splash-cup, and the peridioles.
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   Phallales

phall1.jpg (4728 bytes) Phallales - egg and fully expanded basidioma of Mutinus caninus, the dog stinkhorn   
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phall2.jpg (4262 bytes) Phallales - fully expanded basidioma of Phallus.  Note the basal peridium (egg-shell), spongy stipe and apical receptacle bearing the slimy, odoriferous gleba.  
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phall3.jpg (5525 bytes) Phallales - Phallus impudicus with an appreciative clientele of flies. 
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Phallus impudicus cartoon.jpg (12379 bytes) Phallales - rather outrť cartoon of Phallus impudicus as a flasher, from a French book, 'Le Gratin des Champignons,' by Sabatier and Becker.
phall5.jpg (5528 bytes) Phallales - basidiomata of Dictyophora.  The distinctive skirt may be a waiting room for overflow crowds of hungry visiting insects.
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phall6.jpg (3241 bytes) Phallales - bisected egg of Anthurus - see also next picture. 
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phall7.jpg (4858 bytes) Phallales - expanded basidioma of Anthurus.  Note that the gleba is on the inside of the arms, and that the arms are coloured like meat.  Compare with the previous picture 
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phall8.jpg (8259 bytes) Phallales - expanded lattice-work basidioma of Clathrus, with gleba on the inside. 
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phall9.jpg (7918 bytes) Phallales - eggs and expanded flower-like, meat-coloured receptacles of AseroŽ from New Zealand  
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phall10.jpg (3778 bytes) Phallales - hypogeous basidomata of Hysterangium.  
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gastero stamps.jpg (33939 bytes) A sample of gasteromycete stamps (from M.O. Moss 1998
The Mycologist 12: 104-106)
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© Mycologue Publications 2001