Pictorial supplement to The Fifth Kingdom - Chapter 5d

Subphylum Basidiomycotina - part 4

Class Holobasidiomycetes       Order Agaricales

Families: Tricholomataceae, Russulaceae, Boletaceae,
Gomphidiaceae, Gyrodontaceae, Paxillaceae, Strobilomycetaceae

(44 pictures)

tricho1.jpg (5004 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Tricholoma flavovirens, the type species of the genus Tricholoma 
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tricho2.jpg (7250 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Tricholoma nudum = Lepista nuda, the blewit, a good edible ectomycorrhizal species  (which crops up every year under the conifers in my garden) 
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tricho6.jpg (4409 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Armillaria mellea, the honey fungus  
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tricho7.jpg (6971 bytes) Tricholomataceae - bootlaces (rhizomorphs) of Armillaria, developing under bark
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tricho14.jpg (6317 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Catathelasma imperialis, a large ectomycorrhizal fungus that resembles the pine mushroom (Tricholoma magnivelare) but lacks its edibility and its spicy aroma.
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tricho3.jpg (10415 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Clitocybe clavipes
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tricho5.jpg (5261 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Collybia cookei fruiting on a dead agaric   
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tricho9.jpg (3640 bytes)  


Tricholomataceae - Collybia tuberosa
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tricho8.jpg (4126 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Collybia racemosa with its synnematal Sclerostilbum anamorph growing along the stipe 
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tricho4.jpg (7309 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Collybia maculata
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tricho12.jpg (6104 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Flammulina velutipes, the velvet stipe, a lignicolous (wood-inhabiting) species that fruits in winter  
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tricho11.jpg (8619 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Laccaria laccata, a very common and rather variable ectomycorrhizal species  
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tricho15.jpg (5276 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Lyophyllum decastes, the fried chicken mushroom 
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tricho10.jpg (5938 bytes)                                                                                    Tricholomataceae - Marasmius oreades,
the fairy ring mushroom
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tricho16.jpg (6020 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Mycena leiana 
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tricho17.jpg (4778 bytes) TricholomataceaeMycena leiana with marginate gills (the edges are orange-red) 
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tricho18.jpg (7843 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Nyctalis asterophora attacking Lactarius.  The cap of the parasite becomes a mass of conidia, so what looks like a teleomorph is in fact an anamorph  
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tricho13.jpg (8736 bytes) Tricholomataceae - Xeromphalina campanella fruiting in large aggregations on a dead stump 
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tricho19.jpg (3682 bytes)  

Tricholomataceae - Xerula radicata (formerly Collybia radicata and then Oudemansiella radicata)   (now placed in a segregate family, the Xerulaceae)
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                                                                Russulaceae
russ2.jpg (3243 bytes) Russulaceae - characteristic basidiospores, with ornamentations that stain blue in Melzer's reagent (which provides the yellow background) 
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russ1.jpg (7350 bytes) Russulaceae - Russula emetica, a typical species with a brightly coloured cap  
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russ4.jpg (15380 bytes) Russulaceae - Russula virescens  
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russ5.jpg (6359 bytes) Russulaceae - Macowanites sp., a sequestrate derivative of Russula  
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russ6.jpg (5306 bytes) Russulaceae - basidiospores of the sequestrate Macowanites, stained in Melzer's reagent and showing its connection to Russula 
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russ7.jpg (6415 bytes) Russulaceae - Lactarius deliciosus 
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russ8.jpg (8521 bytes) Russulaceae - Lactarius vinaceorufescens, with white milk rapidly turning yellow  
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russ9.jpg (6238 bytes) Russulaceae - Zelleromyces gilkeyae, a sequestrate derivative of Lactarius 
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                                                                 Boletaceae
bolet3.jpg (16598 bytes) Boletaceae - the characteristic reticulum (network) on the stipe of Boletus.
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bolet1.jpg (9180 bytes) Boletaceae - Boletus edulis - the cep (France), steinpilz (Germany), porcini (Italy) of Europe. This is a variable species that also occurs all over North America.   
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bolet2.jpg (7720 bytes) Boletaceae - another form of Boletus edulis from OntarioAll varieties share the light brown cap and yellow tube mouths
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bolet4.jpg (8814 bytes) Boletaceae - Boletus frostii mycorrhizal with oaks in Southern Ontario  
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bolet5.jpg (8724 bytes) Boletaceae - Tylopilus felleus, (unfortunately) the bitter bolete, with pink tube mouths, flourishing in Algonquin Park, Ontario.
bolet6.jpg (4661 bytes) Boletaceae - Tylopilus felleus   
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bolet7.jpg (4996 bytes)  


Boletaceae - the sequestrate Gastroboletus.  In common with many other boletes, its tissues stain blue when exposed to air   
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bolet8.jpg (5933 bytes) Boletaceae - Suillus spraguei - note the partial veil
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bolet9.jpg (9625 bytes) Boletaceae - Suillus grevillei
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bolet10.jpg (6198 bytes) Boletaceae - the sequestrate Truncocolumella rubra 
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bolet11.jpg (7868 bytes) Boletaceae - sectioned basidioma of Rhizopogon parksii, showing spongy hymenium, absence of stipe, despite close relationship to Suillus
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                                             Gomphidiaceae
bolet12.jpg (6431 bytes) Gomphidiaceae - young basidiomata of Gomphidius subroseus
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bolet13.jpg (7529 bytes) Gomphidiaceae - Gomphidius
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                                                  Gyrodontaceae
bolet14.jpg (9711 bytes) Gyrodontaceae - Fuscoboletinus paluster  
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                                                           Paxillaceae
bolet15.jpg (6647 bytes) Paxillaceae - Paxillus involutus  
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                                                   Strobilomycetaceae
bolet18.jpg (6204 bytes) Strobilomycetaceae - Strobilomyces floccopus  
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If you are interested in relationships among the Agaricales, may I recommend that you visit the following web page, where phylogenetic schemes based on molecular evidence are posted.  http://www.botany.duke.edu/fungi/mycolab/agarical.htm
bolet16.jpg (12427 bytes) mostly bolete stamps, from the former East Germany...
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Mycologue Publications 2001