fungi mushrooms mycology the fifth kingdom

Pictorial supplement to The Fifth Kingdom - Chapter 5c

Subphylum Basidiomycotina - part 3

Class Holobasidiomycetes

Order Agaricales


Families:  Agaricaceae, Amanitaceae, Bolbitiaceae,
Coprinaceae, Cortinariaceae, Entolomataceae, Pluteaceae,
Hygrophoraceae, Strophariaceae 

(34 illustrations)


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Agaricaceae - Agaricus brunnescens, the supermarket mushroom  
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Agaricaceae - Leucoagaricus naucinus, common on lawns 
   X 1/2


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Agaricaceae - Lepiota clypeolaria 
   X 1


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Agaricaceae - Lepiota rachodes  
   X  1/6


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Agaricaceae - Endoptychum, a sequestrate derivative of Agaricus  
   X 1


Amanitaceae


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Amanitaceae - Amanita calyptra.  Note the conspicuous volva.
   X 1/3


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Amanitaceae - Amanita muscaria, the fly agaric. Here the volva is reduced to some scurfy rings 
   X 1/5


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Amanitaceae - Amanita fulva. The ring is not visible in this species  
   X 1/2


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Amanitaceae -  Four poisonous species.


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Amanitaceae - Amanita virosa, the destroying angel. Extremely poisonous.
   X 1/3


Bolbitiaceae


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Bolbitiaceae - Bolbitius vitellinus, the fried egg or "easy over" mushroom. This delicate species is rather evanescent because it autolyses  (self-digests).


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Bolbitiaceae - Agrocybe praecox (courtesy M. Boom)


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Bolbitiaceae - the sequestrate genus, Gastrocybe  
   X 1/3


Coprinaceae


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Coprinaceae - Coprinus comatus, the shaggy mane   
   X 1/2


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Coprinaceae - Coprinus comatus, deliquescing gill edges. Notice how tightly packed the gills are.
   X 5


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Coprinaceae - mycologists collecting Coprinus comatus along the recently-built Banff-Jasper Highway, Alberta, in 1969.


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Coprinaceae - Coprinus atramentarius  
   X 1/2


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Coprinaceae - the pleated pileus of the delicate Coprinus plicatilis 
   X 2


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Coprinaceae - the sequestrate Podaxis pistillaris, the desert shaggy mane  
  X 1/2                                                               


Cortinariaceae


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Cortinariaceae - the filamentous partial veil, or cortina, so characteristic of this family  
   X 1


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Cortinariaceae - four species of Cortinarius from Oregon 
   X 1/2


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Cortinariaceae - typical brown, rough, basidiospores 
   X 1000


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Cortinariaceae - Dermocybe semisanguineus   
   X 1/3


Entolomataceae


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Entolomataceae - Entoloma abortivum, normal (left) and parasitized (right) basidiomata.
   X 1/2


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Entolomataceae - typical angular basidiospores  
   X 1000


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Entolomataceae? - a Dr. Seuss illustration (see next picture)


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Entolomataceae - the beautiful all-blue Entoloma hochstetteri (which nevertheless produces pink spores) from New Zealand 
   X 1                                                            


Pluteaceae


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Pluteaceae - Pluteus cervinus, perhaps the commonest member of this family.
   X 1                                                           


Hygrophoraceae


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Hygrophoraceae - a typical brightly coloured, waxy species of Hygrocybe
X 1


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Hygrophoraceae - the colourful Hygrocybe psittacina (courtesy Sara Clark)


Strophariaceae


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Strophariaceae - the most famous magic mushroom, Psilocybe cubensis  
   X 3/4


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Strophariaceae - Psilocybe cubensis in culture  
   X 1/5


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Strophariaceae - the wood-inhabiting Pholiota squarrosa 
   X 1/2


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Strophariaceae - the sequestrate Weraroa virescens
   X 1/2


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Strophariaceae - the sequestrate Weraroa erythrocephala
   X 2/3


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