fungi mushrooms mycology the fifth kingdom

Pictorial supplement to The Fifth Kingdom - Chapter 5b

Subphylum Basidiomycotina - part 2

Class Holobasidiomycetes

Orders: Exobasidiales, Dacrymycetales, Aphyllophorales 
(35 illustrations)


exobasid.jpg (5477 bytes)
Exobasidiales - Exobasidium attacking leaves of a Vaccinium (Ericaceae).
   X 1


dacrymy2.jpg (4910 bytes)
Dacrymycetales - Dacrymyces fruiting on rotten wood.
   X 1


dacrymy1.jpg (5449 bytes)
Dacrymycetales - basidiomata of Guepiniopsis chrysocomus.


dacrymy3.jpg (6131 bytes)
Dacrymycetales - "tuning fork" basidia of Dacrymyces at various stages of development.
   X 400


bluecort.jpg (3777 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Corticiaceae - resupinate (spread out) basidioma of Byssocorticium on dead bark
   X 1/2


osteomor.jpg (3226 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Corticiaceae - Osteomorpha anamorph.  Clamped (and therefore dikaryotic) hyphae are breaking up across the clamps into thallic-arthric conidia
   X 1000


anamsist.jpg (4540 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Corticiaceae - blastic-sympodial anamorph of Sistotrema (SEM).
   X 2000


theleph1.jpg (5987 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Thelephoraceae - basidiomata of Thelephora terrestris, an ectomycorrhizal species common in tree nurseries.
   X 1/2


clavar2.jpg (4184 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Clavariaceae - Clavariadelphus truncatus
   X 1


clavar1.jpg (4058 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Clavariaceae - Clavulinopsis fusiformis
   X 1


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Aphyllophorales - Clavariaceae - Ramaria aurea
X 1/2


clavar4.jpg (4943 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Clavariaceae - Ramaria araiospora var. rubella.
X 1/2


canthar1.jpg (5801 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Cantharellaceae - Cantharellus cibarius, the chanterelle
X 1/2.


canthar3.jpg (7854 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Cantharellaceae - Cantharellus tubaeformis
X 1/2


canthar2.jpg (5098 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Cantharellaceae - Sparassis crispa
X 1/4


canthar4.jpg (7001 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Cantharellaceae - Craterellus cornucopioides, the horn of plenty.
   X 1/2


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Aphyllophorales - Cantharellaceae - Gomphus floccosus.
   X 3/5


merul1.jpg (5688 bytes)
 

Aphyllophorales - Coniophoraceae - Serpula lacrymans, the 'dry rot' fungus.

 


hydn1.jpg (6079 bytes)
 

Aphyllophorales - Hydnaceae - Hericium caput-ursi, the wood urchin.
X 1/3

 


hydn2.jpg (4578 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Hydnaceae - Dentinum repandum, the sweet tooth.
   X 1/2


hydn3.jpg (6962 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Hydnaceae - Hydnellum, one of the stipitate (stalked) hydnaceae.  Unlike Dentinum, the hydnellums have a tough, corky or woody consistency.
   X 1/2


hydn4.jpg (5328 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Hydnaceae - Sarcodon scabrosum.
  X 1


schizop2.jpg (5005 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Schizophyllaceae - Schizophyllum commune, the 'split gill'
   X 3


polypor1.jpg (4767 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - perennating basidiomata of Ganoderma applanatum.


polypor2.jpg (9569 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - tube mouths seen from below.
   X 5


polypor3.jpg (5197 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - transverse section of tubes: the hymenium is stained light blue.
   X 50


polypor4.jpg (3427 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - three-year-old basidioma of Ganoderma applanatum with three tube layers.
   X 1/3


polypor6.jpg (7475 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - large specimen of Ganoderma applanatum (almost 1 metre across)
   X 1/15


polypor7.jpg (8168 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - large basidioma of Bridgeoporus (Oxyporus) nobilissimus.


polypor9.jpg (5498 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - edible basidiomata of Laetiporus sulphureus, the sulphur shelf.
   X 1/10


polypor8.jpg (10329 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae -  Heterobasidion annosum, a serious tree parasite
   X 1/4.


polypo11.jpg (4058 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - a conidiophore of the Spiniger anamorph of Heterobasidion annosum.  The conidia have all seceded, but one developed at the tip of each spine (blastic-synchronous) (SEM).
   X 2000


polypo12.jpg (5242 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - the Ptychogaster anamorph of Trametes. Note the   alternate-arthric conidia. (SEM)
   X 2000


polypo13.jpg (6433 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - cubical brown rot  (only cellulose assimilated)


polypo14.jpg (7494 bytes)
Aphyllophorales - Polyporaceae - white rot (both cellulose and lignin degraded)


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